Traditionally, the word domestication is associated with its synonym taming, athough the word taming can apply only to a single animal.
Consequently, domestication concerns a population (a species as a whole). Humans have brought these specieses under their care not only to produce or to enjoy as pets. There are different reasons for domestication of feral animals and plants - for instance,to produce food or valuable commodities (wool, cotton, or silk), for help with various types of work, transportation and as well to enjoy as pets or ornamental plants. House plants or ornamentals are plants domesticated primarily for esthetic enjoyment in and around the home, while those domesticated for large-scale food production are generally called crops. As well animals domesticated for home companionship are usually called pets while those domesticated for food are called livestock or farm animals.
According to some definitions from encyclopedias, a feral organism is one that has escaped from domestication and returned, partly or wholly, to its wild state. Rarely will a local environment perfectly integrate the feral organism into its established ecology. Therefore, feral animals and plants can cause disruption or extinction to some indigenous species, affecting wilderness and other fragile ecosystems. Moreover, certain familiar animals go feral easily and successfully, while others are much less inclined to wander and usually fail promptly outside domestication. That's why feral animals need our help! No pet should ever be homeless! For this reason different organizations provide animal welfare programs and support pet rescue groups in order to keep lost pets safe and happy so they can be reunited with their owner or adopted into a new family. This assistance allows them to focus on the care and finding of a suitable home for the pets they have rescued.
Stray And Feral Cats
Nowadays,the streets of our city are full of abandoned, lost cats. They sleep in our parks, military bases, alleyways, farmyards, barns, college campuses, and deserted buildings. Abandoned by their human families or simply lost, unsterilized housecats eventually band together in groups called colonies. Without human contact for a prolonged period, the colonies become feral. They make homes wherever they can find food, be it in dumpsters or under a boardwalk. Mothers teach their kittens to avoid humans and to defend themselves. And their numbers steadily increase, even if meager scraps are all the food to be had.
Does anyone know how many feral cats live in the United States? Approximately, this number is estimated in the tens of millions. They are often wrongly portrayed as disease-ridden nuisances living tragic lives and responsible for endangering native species. As a consequence, feral feline communities too frequently are rounded up and because they have had little or no human contact and are thus unadoptable they are killed.
But removing and killing feral cats does not reduce feral cat populations. It only provides space for more cats to move in and start the breeding process again. Unspayed, feral female cats spend most of their lives pregnant and hungry, as will the female kittens that survive. Unneutered tomcats roam to find, and fight to win, mates, and often suffer debilitating wounds in the process. Half of all kittens born in feral colonies die within their first year.
In order to reduce feral cat populations, Pet Rescue Groups offer a solution that at the same time improves and extends the lives of colony members, it's called Trap-Neuter-Return or TNR.
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